There are more orphans in Russia today than there were in 1945, when, officially, their number was 600,000. In one of the earlier counts in 2003, there were 867,000 orphans. Since 1994 the number of orphans in Russia has doubled. Only 5-10% have no living parents. The rest of them are social orphans, whose parents are alive, but who have been deprived of their parental rights. In 2003, for instance, 32,600 parents were deprived of their parental rights and the number of children in residential schools (‘internats’) increased by 36,000 in that year.
Read more in this comprehensive report by UNICEF.